When you were born babies there are more than 300 bones. Because babies come with a couple of things that they do, a couple of their bones that they will have as they grow up will begin in a couple of pieces. As we grow, those bones will grow together in order to create one larger bone. When you become a grown-up, there are 206 bones that you have in your body. More than half of these bones can be reached in your feet and hands. Our bone structures are divided into two skeletal systems.
Axial skeleton- 80 bones
Apendicular skeleton- 126 bones
The axial skeleton comes with all of the bones which are put in the stem of your body which is in the middle section of your body such as your spine. The appendicular skeleton comes with all of the bones which are placed in your limbs. Those bones are consist of your feet, legs, hands, and arms.
And added, bones can be divided into four segments. Short bones are the bones that will keep your skeleton strong and well-built. Long bones are the bones which you can locate in your limbs. Your organs will be protected by flat bones and a dot for muscles will be provided in order to attach. And lastly the irregular bones which are the bones that do not equivalent with other bones in the categories.
The human skeleton is the inside framework of the body. It is composed of around 300 bones at birth – this total decreases to 206 bones by adulthood after some bones have blend together. The bone group in the skeleton reaches maximum density around age 20. The human body has an amazing compilation of different bones, many of which you can find on yourself or on a skeleton. Knowledge of the skeletal construction of the human body is crucial to know before any anatomy exam, particularly in clinical situations where exact descriptions of bony trauma will be required. In this article, we will systematically go through all the bones of the body, describe their location, and joints as well as we will conclude with some clinical consequence using surface anatomy.
Let’s discuss about the 206 Bones of the Human Body:
Spine (vertebral column)
- A fully grown adult features 26 bones in the spine, whereas a child can have 34.
- The cervical vertebrae (7)
- The thoracic vertebrae (12)
- The lumbar vertebrae (5)
- The sacral vertebrae (5 at birth, later fused into one)
- The coccygeal vertebrae (5 at birth, some or all of the bones fuse together)
- There are usually 25 bones in the chest but sometimes there can be other cervical ribs in humans. Cervical ribs occur unsurprisingly in other animals such as reptiles.
- The sternum (1)
- The ribs (24, in 12 pairs)
- It is important to note that three pairs (the 8th, 9th and 10th), also known as false ribs, are connected to each other and also connected to the 7th rib by cartilage and synovial There are also two pairs of floating ribs (the 11th and 12th), have no anterior attachment. Cervical ribs are extra ribs that happen in some humans.
- There are 22 bones in the skull. Including the hyoid and the bones of the middle ear, the head contains 29 bones.
- The cranial bones (8)
- The occipital bone The parietal bones (2)
- The frontal bones (1)
- The temporal bones (2)
- The sphenoid bone (sometimes counted as facial)
- The ethmoid bone (sometimes counted as facial)
- The facial bones (14)
- The nasal bones (2)
- The maxillae (upper jaw) (2)
- The lacrimal bone (2)
- The zygomatic bone or cheekbone (2)
- The palatine bone (2)
- The inferior nasal concha (2)
- The vomer The mandible (lower jaw)
- The hyoid bone
- In the middle ears (6)
- malleus (2)
- incus (2)
- stapes (2)
- Around 64 bones in the arm.
- The upper arm bones (6 bones, 3 on each side)
- The humours The shoulder (pectoral girdle)
- The scapulaThe clavicles
- The lower arm bones (4 bones, 2 on each side)
- The ulna The radius
- The hand (54 bones, 27 in each hand)
- The carpalsscaphoid bone (2)
- lunate bone (2)
- triquetral bone (2)
- pisiform bone (2)
- trapezium (2)
- trapezoid bone (2)
- capitate bone (2)
- hamate bone (2)
- The metacarpals (5 × 2 = 10)
- The phalanges of the hand proximal phalanges (5 × 2 = 10)
- Intermediate phalanges (4 × 2 = 8)
- distal phalanges (5 × 2 = 10)
Pelvis (pelvic girdle)
- The hip bone has three regions: ilium, ischium, and pubis (2)
- The sacrum and the coccyx attach to the two hip bones to form the pelvis, but are more important to the spinal column. Therefore it is omitted from the pelvic girdle.
- The femur (2)
- The patella or kneecap (2)
- The tibia (2)
- The fibula (2)
- The foot (52 bones in total, 26 per foot)
- The tarsuscalcaneus or heel bone (2)
- talus (2)
- navicular bone (2)
- medial cuneiform bone (2)
- intermediate cuneiform bone (2)
- lateral cuneiform bone (2)
- cuboid bone (2)
- The metatarsals (10)
- The phalanges of the footproximal phalanges (5 × 2 = 10)
- intermediate phalanges (4 x 2 = 8)
- distal phalanges (5 x 2 = 10)
- Pisiform bone
- Cyamella (bone)
- Sesamoids in the first and second metacarpal bones
- Sesamoids in the first metatarsal bone
- Inconsistent sesamoids in other fingers and toes
- Lenticular process of the incus
- Rider’s bone
- Inconsistent sesamoids in the legs, arms or buttocks
You have to think that it is essential for you to keep your bones healthy and take care of them. You can take best care of your bones by giving the right food and nourishment. For example, your bones will be healthy if you make sure that you get through enough calcium. It is a limestone which helps your bones strong and healthy. There are a combine of good foods which contain calcium such as yogurt, cheese, milk.
Exercise also the perfect way that you can do in order to make your bones strong and healthy.