Convulsion also known as a seizure, causes a change in the brain’s electrical activity. This change causes the body muscles to contract and relax continuously, which results in a unconstrained shaking of body and loss of control. Other causes of convulsion include fever, meningtis, head injury and hypoglycemia. A convulsion is a symptom of epileptic seizure. Not all seizures are characterized by convulsions. The word ‘’fit’’ is more commonly used instead of convulsion or a seizure.
CAUSES OF CONVULSIONS:
Convulsions are caused by the change in brain’s electrical activity pattern. Most of the times, the cause is not known. Some main causes of convulsions include:
Convulsion may be formed by some chemicals in the blood.
It is one of the symptoms of meningtis or encephalitis.
Severe fever can cause convulsions.
Stroke, head trauma and lack of oxygen in the brain can sometimes lead to convulsions and seizures.
Some times, genetic defects may cause convulsions in some patients.
Diabetes type-1, in which blood sugar remains low can lead to convulsions.
A very severe condition of convulsion is caused formed hypoglycemia.
SYMPTOMS OF CONVULSION:
When a person is undergoing the condition of convulsion, he experiences many different symptoms, which include:
Sudden shaking of entire body
Uncontrollable muscle spasms
Loss of bladder/bowel control
A brief blackout
Temporary cessation in breathing
Sudden mood changes
Sudden and rapid movements of eye
Falling on the ground
FIRST TREATMENT FOR CONVULSION:
Place the patient on the floor on one side.
Loosen the patient’s clothing around the neck.
Don’t put anything in the patient’s mouth.
If the patient vomits, move him onto his side and clear out his mouth.
Don’t try to restrain his movements.
Call for medical help immediately, if the condition doesn’t stop.
MEDICATIONS FOR CONVULSION:
Below is list some of the most commonly used drugs that are currently used to treat convulsions and epilepsy,