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  • Causes of Convulsions – AC

    Convulsion also known as a seizure, causes a change in the brain’s electrical activity. This change causes the body muscles to contract and relax continuously, which results in a unconstrained shaking of body and loss of control. Other causes of convulsion include fever, meningtis, head injury and hypoglycemia. A convulsion is a symptom of epileptic seizure. Not all seizures are characterized by convulsions. The word ‘’fit’’ is more commonly used instead of convulsion or a seizure.

    CAUSES OF CONVULSIONS:

    Convulsions are caused by the change in brain’s electrical activity pattern. Most of the times, the cause is not known. Some main causes of convulsions include:

    • Convulsion may be formed by some chemicals in the blood.
    • It is one of the symptoms of meningtis or encephalitis.
    • Severe fever can cause convulsions.
    • Stroke, head trauma and lack of oxygen in the brain can sometimes lead to convulsions and seizures.
    • Some times, genetic defects may cause convulsions in some patients.
    • Diabetes type-1, in which blood sugar remains low can lead to convulsions.
    • A very severe condition of convulsion is caused formed hypoglycemia.

    SYMPTOMS OF CONVULSION:

    When a person is undergoing the condition of convulsion, he experiences many different symptoms, which include:

    • Drooling
    • Sudden shaking of entire body
    • Uncontrollable muscle spasms
    • Loss of bladder/bowel control
    • Confusions
    • A brief blackout
    • Temporary cessation in breathing
    • Sudden mood changes
    • Clenching teeth
    • Sudden and rapid movements of eye
    • Falling on the ground
    • Grunting

    FIRST TREATMENT FOR CONVULSION:

    • Place the patient on the floor on one side.
    • Loosen the patient’s clothing around the neck.
    • Don’t put anything in the patient’s mouth.
    • If the patient vomits, move him onto his side and clear out his mouth.
    • Don’t try to restrain his movements.
    • Call for medical help immediately, if the condition doesn’t stop.

    MEDICATIONS FOR CONVULSION:

    Below is list some of the most commonly used drugs that are currently used to treat convulsions and epilepsy,

    • (Carbatrol or Tegretol)
    • (Valium )
    • (Ativan)
    • Clonazepam ( Klonopin )
    • Eslicarbazepine (Aptiom)
    • (Zarontin)
    • (Felbatol)

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