Convulsion also known as a seizure, causes a change in the brain’s electrical activity. This change causes the body muscles to contract and relax continuously, which results in a unconstrained shaking of body and loss of control. Other causes of convulsion include fever, meningtis, head injury and hypoglycemia. A convulsion is a symptom of epileptic seizure. Not all seizures are characterized by convulsions. The word ‘’fit’’ is more commonly used instead of convulsion or a seizure.
CAUSES OF CONVULSIONS:
Convulsions are caused by the change in brain’s electrical activity pattern. Most of the times, the cause is not known. Some main causes of convulsions include:
- Convulsion may be formed by some chemicals in the blood.
- It is one of the symptoms of meningtis or encephalitis.
- Severe fever can cause convulsions.
- Stroke, head trauma and lack of oxygen in the brain can sometimes lead to convulsions and seizures.
- Some times, genetic defects may cause convulsions in some patients.
- Diabetes type-1, in which blood sugar remains low can lead to convulsions.
- A very severe condition of convulsion is caused formed hypoglycemia.
SYMPTOMS OF CONVULSION:
When a person is undergoing the condition of convulsion, he experiences many different symptoms, which include:
- Sudden shaking of entire body
- Uncontrollable muscle spasms
- Loss of bladder/bowel control
- A brief blackout
- Temporary cessation in breathing
- Sudden mood changes
- Clenching teeth
- Sudden and rapid movements of eye
- Falling on the ground
FIRST TREATMENT FOR CONVULSION:
- Place the patient on the floor on one side.
- Loosen the patient’s clothing around the neck.
- Don’t put anything in the patient’s mouth.
- If the patient vomits, move him onto his side and clear out his mouth.
- Don’t try to restrain his movements.
- Call for medical help immediately, if the condition doesn’t stop.
MEDICATIONS FOR CONVULSION:
Below is list some of the most commonly used drugs that are currently used to treat convulsions and epilepsy,
- (Carbatrol or Tegretol)
- (Valium )
- Clonazepam ( Klonopin )
- Eslicarbazepine (Aptiom)