what is mental health:- Culture also plays an important role with respect to mental-health conditions. It is particularly important during the period of later adolescence and early adulthood for understanding the difference between appropriate, relevant, social functioning roles and those considered problematic. When confronted with individuals suffering from mental-health conditions in their communities, local friends, relatives and neighbours often know at an intuitive level that the sufferer is not well, In fact, mental-health conditions often sit on the social line between the normal and the abnormal. Culture can also influence the mechanisms by different risk , course and outcome of different mental-health conditions and the ways in which cultural conditions create circumstances that promote mental health (Bass and others, 2012).
One way in which culture has a direct impact on the experience of mental-health conditions is in its interaction with factors such as gender, age, marital status and poverty. Yet, there are some universals. Gender has been repeatedly shown to be important when investigating mental-health conditions. Across cultures, it has been shown that females experience higher rates of mood and anxiety
conditions while males show higher rates of substance use, conduct- and aggression-related problems (Bradshaw, Rebok and others, 2012). Age, like gender, acts as an important predictor across cultures for variations in mental illness, but there is considerable local specificity in the types of mental illness that occur in different age groups. For example, in poor, urban, non-Western settings, youth often report increased depression and aggressive behaviour as a result of the lack of—real or perceived—life chances due to poverty and unemployment. In contrast, youth within middle-class communities in the United States of America are being diagnosed increasingly with depression, ADHD and drug dependency for an entirely different—and not entirely clear—set of culturally-mediated reasons