Migraine is a frustrating condition for many people. It is characterized as a significant pain like pulsing or throbbing sensation in one area of the head. It also leads to nausea, vomiting and severe sensitivity to sound and light.
Migraine attacks causes pain that can lead for hours and several days. It can also be accompanied by sensory dangers like aura, blind spots, or tingling in your leg or arm or flashing of light. If you have experienced migraine before, you should know that all you want is a dark, silent and peaceful place to lie down and sleep. There are some medications that can help you to reduce the intensity of pain sensation caused by migraine. These drugs and medications are usually known as anti-migraine drugs. Anti-migraine drugs include anti-inflammatory, pain killers, triptans and anti-sickness medicines.
Some medications and drugs are not recommended if you are breastfeeding or pregnant. Some drugs should not be given to children. So you should consult the doctor to find the right medicines for you according to your condition.
Painkillers help to reduce the severity of the headache or completely stop it. A lot a people avoid taking painkillers until a headache becomes really bad. If a migraine starts, you should take immediately take a prescribed painkiller to reduce the pain.
Aspirin have shown to give better results to treat migraine. It is salicylic acid, so people with a sensitivity to salicylic acid should refrain from taking it.
Acetaminophen (Tylenol) helps to kill migraine completely. But this is temporary.
Excedrin Migraine ( Acetaminophen + aspirin + caffeine):
Anti-inflammatory painkillers helps to ease migraine much better than ordinary painkillers.
It comes in syrups and tablets. One type of ibuprofen dissolves in the mouth and can be swallowed with saliva. This is a easier way of swallowing the tablets.
It is best to take naproxen in the maximum allowed dose just after the headache starts rather than taking smaller doses. It is better to take it with luke warm water or milk.
People with asthma, kidney failure, high B.P and heart disease should not take Tolfenamic acid. The reason behind that is it they don’t have the capability to cope with anti-inflammatory painkillers.
Diclofenac in one brand, comes as a suppository. It is very beneficial to take diclofenac if you vomit with a migraine pain.
A triptan medicines are not painkillers. They interfere a brain chemical known as 5HT. Migraine is found to be caused by the alteration or some mishap with this chemical. They should be taken if anti-inflammatory and painkillers do not work. Avoid taking triptan in the early stages of migraine.
- Sumatriptan (Imitrex), which is also available as an injection.
- Rizatriptan (Maxalt), which are available as a wafer or tablet that disperses in the mouth, and is then swallowed with saliva.
- Almotriptan (Axert),
- Naratriptan (Amerge)
- Zolmitriptan (Zomig)
- Frovatriptan (Frova)
- Eletriptan (Relpax)
There are some side effects associated with triptans such as drowsiness, muscle weakness, dizziness and nausea. So triptans are not recommended for people who are having the risk of heart strokes and attacks.
Ergots are the combination of caffeine combination medicines (Cafergot, Migergot) and ergotamine. They are less effective than triptans. They are more effective in those people that usually have pain continuously for more than 48 hour.
- Dihydroergotamine (D.H.E. 45, Migranal)
As the name indicates, these medicines are used to treat migraines that are associated with vomiting and nausea. Some of the prescribed medicines includes:
- Metoclopramide (Reglan)
- Prochlorperazine (Compro)
These medications contain narcotics, that are used to treat migraine headache. But narcotic medications are not frequently recommended, because they cause habit-forming.
- Tonoflex (Tramadol HCL)
- Codeine ( Co-codamol)
It must be kept in mind while using opioid medications that whenever you use these to treat migraine, it can cause dizziness and a little bit of nausea. Moreover, they can cause habit forming in some cases, because they are mainly narcotics.
These are not use treat migraine but when in conjunction with same other medications they can prove to be very beneficial.