According to the National Acne Society, acne is a chronic condition that affects nearly 50 million people every year. Nearly everyone suffers from this disease during the time of puberty because the sebaceous glands are activated by the adrenal glands of male and female. Actually, its the male hormone found in human (male and female) that triggers the sebaceous glands.
The word acne was originated from the Greek word ‘’Ákme’’ which means ‘’spot’’ or ‘’the highest point’’. But it was wrongly pronounced with acne instead of akme or acme in the year 1835.
In humans, acne is a chronic skin condition characterized by pimples, zits or papules which are formed by a plug on the small openings for hair follicles, clogging up the oil secretions. If the openings are large, then those clogs may form a blackhead. If small, they form whitehead or white colored bumps. It usually occurs on the face but may also affect the neck, chest and other parts of the skin.
Well, if you suffer from acne, you would know that acne is more than just a zit, pimples and bumps. Its emotional impact is deep inside. And mostly for teenagers, teenage years are already so stressed without the added burden of acne and other skin conditions. Acne can make you feel unattractive and ugly, but you must remember that there is a solution to every problem. It can be treated with proper medical treatment.
What Causes Acne ?
We know that our skin constantly sheds the dead cells. It's the natural way from which our skin stays alive and rejuvenates itself. The dead skin cells come out of the small little pores which are connected to the sebaceous gland. These glands secrete a substance called sebum, which keeps the skin moisturized. Sometimes, dirt, dead skin cells or hair causes the blockage of the small opening. The oil from the sebaceous glands stays inside and forms a clog. After that, a bacteria known as Propionibacteria acne traps inside and tends to cause swelling nearby. This leads to chronic conditions like pustules, blackhead, whiteheads and pimples.
TYPES OF ACNE:
⦁ Pomade Acne
⦁ Acne Conglobata
⦁ Pyoderma Faciale
⦁ Consort Acne
⦁ Acne Mechanica
⦁ Acne Vulgaris (The commonest of all)
CAUSATIVE AGENT OF ACNE:
A bacteria named as Propionibacteria Acne is mostly the cause of Acne. Some other factors such as hormonal imbalance, improper nutrition, stress and depression and excessive use of cosmetic products on the skin, makes our skin prone to have acne and other chronic conditions.
SYMPTOMS AND DIAGONSIS:
Acne is commonly diagnosed on the face, but also occurs on the shoulders, chest and back. It’s a misconception that acne only affects teenagers and adults. Researches have shown that acne occurs in babies too.
When acne affects the skin, certain changes occur to the skin such as:
- Crusting of bumps,
- Redness of the skin
- Scars on the skin
- Black heads
- White heads
There are a number of skin care measures that can help you prevent acne and make your skin fresh and less prone to other chronic conditions too.
- Wash your face three times a day with a mild and hydrating soap (I recommend Neutrogena face wash or dove soap).
- Always use cosmetics or creams having water-based formulas. Refrain using oily cosmetic products.
- Avoid excessive washing of the skin.
- Avoid touching your face constantly.
- Make sure to wash your face every night and don’t leave any strains of makeup overnight.
- Do not let your hair come onto your face.
- Do not wear tight headbands or hats.
- Exfoliate your skin daily.
If your skin becomes prone to acne even performing skin care measures every day, then you may be having other internal factors which are making this happen. In that case, you should consult a doctor or a dermatologist to clear up your skin properly.
There are a number of medications and antibiotics that helps to remove the acne from your skin. They do this by killing the bacteria or drying out your skin. These include:
- Benzoyl Peroxide (present in the form of water, creams or gels)
- Sulfur (present in powdered form)
- Salicylic acid
TOPICAL RETINOID MEDICATIONS:
- Azelaic acid
NOTE: Remember, acne and other skin conditions may form overnight, but are not treated and fully cured in a night. So you must have patience.